Ultimate Guide To The Different Types of Football Studs: Which studs should you wear?

Updated: Jul 11, 2020

Have you ever wandered what all the different studs types actually mean? and, which ones are suitable for difference playing surfaces? Hopefully the guide will help you.

Guide to Different Football Studs

By understanding different boot pitch terminology you'll be able to pick the right boots and studs to different playing surfaces. For example, you're not going to want to wear a pair HG boots that will leave you slipping all over the place? Similarly, you wouldn't want to wear astro boots on SG pitches all year! What you will find is that many football boots are also designed to be played on multiple surfaces.

Different Boot Types According To Different Playing Pitches

SG - Soft Ground Boots:

Basically soft ground. This normally are most suitable when it rains and the studs penetrate the surface. The studs are usually replaceable and made of metal.

FG - Firm Ground Boots:

These are natural grass pitches where the playing surface is not wet or been rained up too much. You don't need to break up the pitch with metal studs, so studs are normally made of plastic and can also be used to play on grass and some artificial surfaces.

If you can try and avoid plating on the older sand based artificial pitches as the turf can wear the studs down faster, stock to 4G/5G pitches instead.

HG - Hard Ground Boots:

These are being phased out so you may not need these, but these are basically non-grassy/artificial pitches. So maybe where the grass has been worn away or pretty bare or a little stoney. Generally aluminium based studs are suitable in this instance.

Metallic Football  Boots Studs

AG - Artificial Ground Boots:

Designed for the newer 3G/4G artificial pitches (may sometimes used on FG). You get more studs on the AG shoes and are rounder with a hole in the middle. They provide extra traction and comfort to players and with better design should be durable, perfect for playing 5-aside or 7-a-side matches.

AT - Astro Turf Boots:

Perfect for the older sand or water based surfaces and made of rubber. The profile is pretty low that matches the short turf giving players closer contact to the ground that should help with slippages.

As a general rule football studded boots, blades must not be worn on astro turf as it will damage the surfaces.


What are Moulded Studs?

Small plastic or rubber studs that are not replaceable. They are general circular but can now be purchased in various sizes and designs. As a general rule you should not wear plastic studs on 4G artificial pitches as they can ruin the surface and you and end up with knee and lower leg injuries.

Moulded Stud Boots

What Are The Best Football Boots For Concrete?

Firstly, don't wear boots. You can't really play with studs and are likely to ruin the studs, the surface, and probably injure yourself and/or others. Instead buy a good quality football trainers that give are tough underfoot, flat but with a level of thickness that provides players with shock absorption from the hard knocking. There a lots on the market to choose from.

What are Multi Ground Football Boots?

Nike use this type of configuration and is fairly new and great for players who can wear the same boot on different pitches (except indoors and concrete!) and you look out for the abbreviations FG/AG (Firm Ground/Artificial Ground).

Can I Use Indoor Turf Soccer Shoes Indoors as an everyday shoe?

The simple answer to this is Yes, but you will be very uncomfortable as these boots are raised due to the stud like texture. Also, you may end of on the floor as they cam slip on smooth floors. Also, if you are walking on carpet like surface then it could be prone to damage. Maybe just stick to normal trainers!

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